The following is the text of the official announcement that US President Barack Obama has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize:Ha! Ha! Ha! Is today April Fool? Is this a joke? Why? What did he do? I can not understand why he has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2009 is to be awarded to President Barack Obama for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and co-operation between peoples.
The Committee has attached special importance to Obama's vision of and work for a world without nuclear weapons.
Obama has as president created a new climate in international politics.
Multilateral diplomacy has regained a central position, with emphasis on the role that the United Nations and other international institutions can play.
Dialogue and negotiations are preferred as instruments for resolving even the most difficult international conflicts.
The vision of a world free from nuclear arms has powerfully stimulated disarmament and arms control negotiations.
Thanks to Obama's initiative, the USA is now playing a more constructive role in meeting the great climatic challenges the world is confronting.
Democracy and human rights are to be strengthened.
Only very rarely has a person to the same extent as Obama captured the world's attention and given its people hope for a better future.
His diplomacy is founded in the concept that those who are to lead the world must do so on the basis of values and attitudes that are shared by the majority of the world's population.
For 108 years, the Norwegian Nobel Committee has sought to stimulate precisely that international policy and those attitudes for which Obama is now the world's leading spokesman.
The Committee endorses Obama's appeal that "Now is the time for all of us to take our share of responsibility for a global response to global challenges".
Japanese scientist Osamu Shimomura and 2 Americans have been awarded this year's Nobel Prize in chemistry.Congratulations!
Shimomura, who worked at the Marine Biological Laboratory in the United States and is now a professor emeritus at Boston University, will share the prize with Americans Martin Chalfie and Roger Tsien. The award is for the discovery and development of a special protein called "green fluorescent protein," or GFP.
GFP was first observed in jellyfish in 1962, and has been an important tool for biologists monitoring the development of neurons in the brain and how cancer cells spread.
Shimomura is 80 years old. He hails from Kyoto and later moved to the United States.
Two Japanese and one Japanese-American scientists have won this year's Nobel Prize in Physics.Congratulations!
Toshihide Masukawa of Kyoto University and Makoto Kobayashi of the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization shared the Prize with Yoichiro Nambu of the University of Chicago.
They have contributed to the advancement of particle physics with their work. It is the first time in 6 years for Japanese scientists to win the prize.
87-year-old Nambu graduated from Tokyo University. After teaching at Osaka City University, he went to the United States to continue his research and became a professor at the University of Chicago in 1958.
Nambu became an American citizen in 1970. He predicted a mechanism called spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics that permeated the standard elementary particle physics.
Nambu won the Oppenheimer Prize in 1976 and the Benjamin Franklin Medal in 2005.
Masukawa was born in Nagoya in 1940. He served as a professor of Physics and the director of the Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics at Kyoto University and is now a professor emeritus of the university.
Kobayashi was also born in Nagoya, in 1944. He was the president of the Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies at the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization. He became professor emeritus 2 years ago and holds a post of executive director of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.
The two began their research of elementary particles when they were students at Nagoya University.
In 1973 when they were both assistant researchers at Kyoto University, they proposed a theory to explain the existence of 6 types of quarks.
They explained that their 6-quarks theory can provide proof of the proposed disappearance of half of the matter in existence right after the universe was created about 13 billion 700 million years ago.
The 3 unknown families of quarks were actually discovered later, verifying the scientists' predictions.
Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda has announced his intention to resign.Best Regards,
Fukuda held an emergency news conference on Monday evening.
He noted that it has been almost a year since he took office, on the 26th of last September.
He said he took the job knowing there was a rough road ahead, with the opposition in control of the Upper House of the Diet.
He said he was in utter confusion as the pension issue and other longstanding problems surfaced in rapid succession.
But, he said, he was the first to launch reforms from the public's perspective.
Fukuda said he reshuffled his Cabinet last month to come up with measures to provide relief to small- and medium-sized businesses that were struggling with high costs.
He said he drew up a package of economic measures last week.
He said there is no time to lose, because the ruling bloc must deliberate the supplementary budget and a bill to set up a Consumer Agency at the next extraordinary session of the Diet.
Fukuda added that he decided it would be best for Japan's economy and the lives of the Japanese people if the ruling bloc faced the next Diet session with new members.
He said there must be no political vacuum or political trade-offs in putting the lives of the people first.
He said he decided to resign his post because policies must be implemented under a new lineup.